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The Land Art movement emerged as a response to the commodification of the art market. Artists felt that the art world was becoming artificial and plastic. In response, artists took over natural environments with the intention of raising the awareness of viewers to social issues. They searched for places such as mountains, islands, and deserts, which had empty, untouched remote places where large-scale sculptures could be created. However, their work was often inaccessible to the public because of the remoteness of some of their installations. Therefore, in order to make their art works available, for example, artist such as Robert Smithson approached this issue by bringing in natural materials, e.g., wood, dirt, and rock into gallery spaces.
Robert Smithson, Leaning Mirror, 1969. Dia Art Foundation.