44,874 Photos and Videos

51 minutes ago

Solsbury Hill Climbing up on Solsbury Hill I could see the city light Wind was blowing, time stood still Eagle flew out of the night He was something to observe Came in close, I heard a voice Standing stretching every nerve Had to listen had no choice I did not believe the information (I) just had to trust imagination My heart going boom boom boom "Son," he said "Grab your things, I've come to take you home." Peter Gabriel Solbury Hill is a small flat-topped hill and the site of an Iron Age hill fort. It is located above the village of Batheaston in Somerset, England. Solsbury Hill is a possible location of the battle of Baden, fought between the Britons (under the legendary King Arthur) and the Saxons c. 496, mentioned by the chroniclers Gildas and Nennius. The hilltop also shows the remains of a medieval or post medieval field system. arthurianlegend solsburyhill somerset thinplaces ironage batheaston battleofbaden britons saxons hillfort kingarthur legend magic magick tintagel roundtablewinchester dozmarypool cadburycastle amesburyabbey glastonburysbbey glastonburytor dinasemrys cornwall somerset wiltshire

1 hour ago

COOL NEWS I JUST READ ☠☠☠ A multi-million pound Thames Water project to protect the future of a rare Oxfordshire chalk stream has revealed some fascinating and gruesome discoveries dating back almost 3,000 years. An ancient settlement was found containing an array of historic artefacts while preparing to lay new water pipes which will relieve pressure on the precious Letcombe Brook, near Wantage. Among the important finds were 26 human skeletons believed to be from the Iron Age and Roman periods, and some likely to have been involved in ritual burials, along with evidence of dwellings, animal carcases and household items including pottery, cutting implements and a decorative comb. • Source: • Fin: • Vesijohdon kaivaustyöt paljastivat Britanniassa "makaaberin mysteerin" - rautakautiset ihmisuhrit haudattu oudosti • news uutiset skeletons luurangot humanskeletons ihmisenluuurankoja oxfordshire thameseaterproject ironage rautakausi ritualburials rituaalihautaukset historicartefacts macabremystery makaaberimysteeri

1 hour ago

• One of my biggest peeves about pdfs, epubs, etc., is the inability to flip through them with my hands. Though software has gotten better over the years (hyperlinked table of contents, word search, highlighting, etc.), it is still a much slower process than having full control over a book in your hands. Also, a lot of the texts I enjoy haven't been updated (especially the 18-20th century out-of-print, no copyright texts that have circulated on for years). This is why a large portion of my library contains printed pdfs in binders; it's a more efficient system when doing research. As an aside, those truly interested in pre-Christian Northern European subjects should comb JSTOR for book reviews by various scholars in these fields. It will open you up to a world of knowledge that was previously unavailable, especially if you only know one or two languages. Many of these scholars understand numerous languages and study the available data from those countries. They then give us access to that knowledge through their main body of works, as well as their book reviews. This is also why it's beneficial to read the so-called "controversial" or "lunatic fringe" authors. Many times they are scholars with access to numerous studies in foreign languages and they provide us with that knowledge in our own language. Reading a book written by such authors doesn't mean you subscribe to their beliefs. If you're able to discern the difference between objective facts and subjective personal opinions then you'll do fine. If not, read the available critiques and praises of such works to shed some light on the controversy. Make up your own mind. Sacrificing your quest for knowledge and understanding through censorship based on rumors or bad reputations of authors is only hindering yourself. Take what is useful to you, disregard the rest. • childofthe70s runes runology magic ritual runestones memorialstones runepoem criticalthinking anglosaxon ireland britishisles art ironage bronzeage neolithic megalith scandinavia vikings vikingage germanic archaeology northernhoard books reading bibliophile booklovers bookaddict goodreads

3 hours ago

7th century Mercian aethling (at peace-time) attending as a guest of the Thegns of Wessex. Photos taken at Butser Ancient Farm this month. Impression features a so-called "warrior coat" based on pressblech iconography, in naturally dark herringbone-twill wool with undyed linen trim (by Nordulf), and a luxurious fine diamond-twill cloak pinned at one shoulder. This cloak was produced by member Æd Thompson in winter 2017-18; first dyed with madder, and then edged with narrow "pebble" tabletweave (after Snartemo-2) woven from 20/2nm yarns also dyed by Æd (with home-grown woad and weld). It seems madder-dyed cloth is all but absent from 6th century burials, returning in the 7th century, for the most part used very sparingly in trim, but substantial madder-dyed textiles were found in the royal burials at Sutton Hoo and Taplow (Walton Rogers, 2007). Thus, while madder-red cloaks and tunics would again become a familiar sight in later centuries, in the 7th century it seems they would have only been available to the top rungs of society, requiring the now scarce dye, and expensive mordants. The belt buckle, inspired by the huge buckle from 7th century buckle from Crundale Down, was made over 20 years ago by Andrew Thompson for 7-year-old Æd’s first Anglo-Saxon costume, and remains much treasured anglosaxon livinghistory historiccostume archaeology history medieval reenactment darkages migrationperiod ironage vendelperiod viking vikings wool handmade plantdye madder beowulf lotr suttonhoo staffordshirehoard tabletweave

5 hours ago

Was a treat to be out on the farm yesterday in that glorious sun. The ground was hard and impossible at some times. I had not alot yesterday the usual button's and shoties kept me going but I did find this. This is sadly a broken fragment of an iron age terret ring. Terret ring I believe went on the reins to keep them separate so not to tangle. Shame the the rest is lost and not there metaldetectorist historicalfinds ironage terretring broken dirtfishing summerheat minelabequinox equinox

6 hours ago

The iron dyed Huginn and Muninn patches have all sold out, one of the hazards of small batch production I guess😅 Thank you all so much for supporting my journey into natural dyeing, there's so many techniques and colours that I want to experiment with, can't wait to share my progress with you all 😊 irondyeing ironage oldiron naturedyeing naturaldyeing naturaldyer naturaldye ironwater RAVENS huginandmunin huginn muninn odinsravens odin knotwork createmakeshare craftersofinstagram alwaysbecrafting celtic valkyrie jawbone scavenger vultureculture carrion corvid corpseeaters deadeaters odinist aesir valhalla

10 hours ago

A part of a piece I'm finishing very calmly a little too much. I think on the other side I'll add mountains and more, I hope I get an idea soon. I have always loved the Norse figure of Völva, trying to find as many writings and treatises as possible, but the sources are always scarce, especially here in Italy, which is why I also look for international books and writings art artwork völva norse scandinavia scandinavianculture vikingage bronzeage ironage runes magic seidr galdr shaman odinn norsehistory norsegods italianartist artist drawing watercolor pencildrawing

11 hours ago

"Ulfs-stenen" Upplands runinskrift 651. (U 651) - This is one of the three runestones standing just outside Övergran Church's cemetery wall. The inscription is attributed to the rune-master Arbjörn who was active in the 1030's. Arbjörn signed three runestones and judging from his style he has been influenced and taken inspiration from both the rune-masters Gunnar and Åsmund Kåresson. Based on this style a futher fifteen runestones are attributed to him, including this one. It is first mentioned by Johannes Bureus in the 1600's who wrote "Vidh Kumbla i Grän sokn" (at Kumla in Gran Parish). In the work Ransakningarna (1669) "Uthi ett giärde wijdh Kumbla stå ok twå stenar med begrafningar" (Outside a wall at Kumla stands two stones with burials). Strangely only a few years later the same Ransakningarna (1672) says there are three runestones are the location. In 1710 Johan Peringskiöld writes in his Monumenta Upplandica that it is still there. Sometime after that it was moved to Övergran Church and used as a doorstep to the church porch (vapenhus). In 1857 Richard Dybeck noted it in the doorstep and by this time it had been so damaged by foot-wear that it was nearly unreadable. He believed it to be a new find but in 1871 it was identified as the one mentioned from Kumla. It now stands outside the cemetery wall with U 648 and U 649. Luckily we have the sketch from Peringskiölds runic encyclopedia from when it was not damaged to make it possible to read at all. The names of the three brothers are difficult to interpret. - ᛫ ᛒ ᛂ ᛚ [ᛂ] ᛁ ᚴ [ᚱ ᛫ ᛅ ᚢ] ᚴ [᛫ ᚼ ᛂ ᚠ ᛏ ᚯ ᚾ ᛫ ᛅ ᚢ ᚴ ᛫ ᛋ] ᛁ - ᛁ ᚵ [ᚱ] ᛫ (ᚱ) ᛅ ᛁ ᛋ ᛏ (ᚢ) ᛫ [ᛋ] (ᛏ) ᛅ [ᛁ ᚾ ᛫ ᚦ ᛁ ᚾ ᛅ] ᛫ ᛅ ᛏ ᛫ ᚢ ᛚ ᚠ ᛫ ᛒ ᚢ ᚱ ᚢ ᚦ ᚢ ᚱ ᛬ ᛋ [ᛁ ᚾ] - · bel[e]ik[r · au]k [· hefton · auk · s]i-ig[r] · (r)aist(u) · [s](t)a[in · þina] · at · ulf · buruþur : s[in] - BlæikR(?) ok Halfdan(?) ok "si-igr" ræistu stæin þenna at Ulf, broður sinn. - Bleikr(?) och Halvdan(?) och Si-igr(?) reste denna sten efter Ulf, sin broder - English: "Bleikr(?) and Halvdan(?) and Si-igr(?) raised this stone in memory of Ulf, their brother."

19 hours ago

It seems rather likely that the core language of the Xiongnu was either Turkic or Yeniseian (or maybe even both). However, no definitive conclusions can as yet be made about which linguistic group constituted the upper elite of their empire. The attempt itself may in fact be irrelevant since the Xiongnu were quite clearly a multi-lingual and multi-ethnic hybrid entity. To suggest otherwise would render simply incomprehensible the complexity and heterogeneity of the Xiongnu Empire. The European Huns were equally as heterogeneous as the Xiongnu of Mongolia. Their core language was very likely to have been Oghuric Turkic given the names of their kings and princes, which are for the most part Oghuric Turkic in origin as the list below shows: 1. Mundzuk (Attila the Hun’s father, from Turkic Muncuq = pearl/jewel) 2. Oktar/Uptar (Attila’s uncle, öktär = brave/powerful) 3. Oebarsius (another of Attila’s paternal uncles, Aibärs = leopard of the moon) 4. Karaton (Hunnic supreme king before Ruga, Qaräton = black-cloak) 5. Basik (Hunnic noble of royal blood early fifth century, Bärsig = governor) 6. Kursik (Hunnic noble of royal blood, from either Kürsig, meaning brave or noble, or Qursiq meaning belt-bearer). Bona, I. (1991) Das Hunnenreich. Stuttgart. archaeology anthropology culture history nations prehistorian roman rome huns science research university bronzeage persian egyptian pyramids ironage technology oldtimes neolithic chalcolithic mesopotamia akkadian assyrian babylon turkic chinesehistory japanesehistory europeanhistory americanhistory

19 hours ago

A Scottish Crannog house. Well not a real one but a pretty good reconstruction of one wealthy people would’ve lived in 2500 years ago. They’ve found some well preserved remains in the clay sediment at the bottom (think they found about 20 submerged in this Loch complete with pots, tools and other interesting things) crannog crannogcentre ironage history scotland lochtay

21 hours ago

Brigid, Irish triple goddess of spring, fertility, dawn, healing, poetry and smithcraft; and daughter of Dagda, god of the earth. Work in progress picture of the bard aspect of the goddess, with a blackbird singing in her hair, one of the most beautiful songs of nature. The embroidery 🧵 on her dress has a la Tene style border and a key pattern tunic. goddess brigid celtic blackbird ironage spring torc poet healer smith wip workinprogress illustration art freckles curlyhair celticknots brooch chainmail jewellery tartan gold blacksmith plait keypattern latene watercolour penandink carandache

21 hours ago

Iron age dress! A real Vendel era lady would have a nice hair-do, but my slave had the day off Anyway, here's my take on a ca AD 780 Scandinavian woman. Almost a Viking, but not quite. Wool herringbone twill peplos dress with bronze fibulae. Underdress is woad blue linen sorry_not_nalbinding reenactment larp sca darkages ironage ancienttextiles peplos viking Vikings norse anglosaxon vikingwoman wool cloth herringbone twill vikingreenactment amplifyyourhistory amplifiedhistory historyvikings livinghistory medieval vendel fibula fibulae replicas 8thcentury vendeltid vendelperiod merovingianperiod merovingian

22 hours ago

The sun is shining and the weather is getting warmer and warmer. It is also getting closer and closer to the first market of the year and I can't wait. So, I just discovered that all of the pictures on my new blog had disappeared so at the moment I'm adding them back in to their place one by one. It's a big and boring job, but looking through all of the pictures and all of my years as a reenactor is very nice and a lot of good memories is coming back. I'm celebrating 10 years as a reenactor this summer. Also, this season will be very special. It will be the first year me and Christofer are travel together in viking. My viking dream is complete ❤️😊 This picture was taken by rickyinnorway at Leikvin viking market last year. viking vikingage vikingtid vikingheritage vikingstyle vikings ironage nordicironage reenactment vikingreenactment historicalreenactment reenactor vikingreenactor livinghistory historical archeology experimentalarchaeology vikingwoman waterfall vikinggarment vikingclothing vikingclothes redhair redhead longhair avikinglife vikinglife instaviking

22 hours ago

🔥More progress on the smelter build yesterday.🔥 adam.phipps.351 olympic_kitchen_tool trollcunningforge_ and I added some height to the furnace chimney, and did some work to the chamber and slag pit I snagged a couple of barrels with lids for charcoal making, as we’re going to need an inordinate amount to do this project We loaded up a huge flatbed truck with both firewood, and seasoned walnut for aforementioned charcoal making The walnut was split into useable pieces with axes I made, which was immensely satisfying And we got some more Ore dried out. All in all a productive day. Several steps closer to the end goal of purifying cascadian soil with fire in to glorious steel metal cascadia cascadian smelt smelter fire firewood clay cob natural naturalbuilding iron ironage viking celtic oldschool moremetalthanyou blacksmith bladesmith forgedinfire forgedinfirechampion forging handforged blacksmithing hot hotwork metalworking

1 day ago

Gudriks-stenen. Upplands runinskrift 649. (U 649) - This is one of the three runestones standing just outside Övergran Church's cemetery wall. This one like U 648 in my last post was recorded from the 1600's by Johannes Bureus and Johannes Haquini Rhezelius. The difference is that this one was built into the outer side of the southern cemetery wall and U 648 was on the inner side. In 1861 when Richard Dybeck visited it was still there but in 1871 it was taken out and placed at its current location between the church wall and country road along with U 648 and U 651. U 648 had been taken out earlier between 1861–65. - It dates between 1020–1050 and the material is dark-gray gneiss (1.55m high, 0.7m wide). It has been damaged by the stone flaking off near the middle and right side but otherwise in good shape. The stone was raised by three brothers in memory of their father Gudrik. Interestingly one of the brothers is actually named Viking, but this name has been found on other inscriptions. All the names are common except for Balse which is only found on this runestone. Names with the suffix "-se" are uncommon but there are a few others like Salse, Karse and Lafse. - ᛫ ᚢ ᛁ ᚴ ᛁ ᚵ ᚱ ᛫ ᛅ ᚢ ᚴ ᛫ ᛒ ᛅ ᛚ ᛋ ᛁ ᛫ ᛅ ᚢ ᚴ ᛫ ᛂ ᛘ ᛁ ᚵ ᚱ ᚱ ᛫ ᚱ ᛅ ᛁ ᛋ ᛏ ᚢ ᛫ ᛋ ᛅ ᛁ ᚾ × ᚦ ᛂ ᚾ [ᚬ] ᛫ ᛁ ᚠ ᛏ [ᛁ ᛦ] ᛫ ᚴ ᚢ ᚦ ᚱ ᛁ ᚴ ᛫ ᚠ ᛅ ᚦ ᚢ ᚱ ᛫ ᛋ ᛁ ᚾ ᛫ - · uikigr · auk · balsi · auk · emigrr · raistu · sain × þen[o] · ift[iR] · kuþrik · faþur · sin · - VikingR ok Balsi ok HæmingR [þæi]R ræistu stæin þenna æftiR Guðrik, faður sinn. - Viking och Balse och Hemming de reste denna sten efter Gudrik, sin fader. - English: "Viking and Balse and Hemming, they raised this stone in memory of Gudrik, their father".

1 day ago

ิ้งย่างเกาหลี ironage

1 day ago

Megiddo is known for its historical, geographical, and theological importance, especially under its Greek name Armageddon.⠀ 👑⠀ During the Bronze Age, Megiddo was an important Canaanite city-state and during the Iron Age, a royal city in the Kingdom of Israel.⠀ 🤴🏻⠀ Megiddo drew much of its importance from its strategic location at the northern end of the Wadi Ara defile, which acts as a pass through the Carmel Ridge, and from its position overlooking the rich Jezreel Valley from the west.⠀ ⛏⠀ Excavations have unearthed 26 layers of ruins, indicating a long period of settlement.⠀ ΩSome Christians believe that Armageddon will be the site of the final battle between Jesus Christ and the kings of the Earth who go to war against Israel, as outlined in the Book of Revelation.⠀ .⠀ .⠀ .⠀ #⠀ archaeology biblicalarchaeology biblicalstudy oldtestament bible kingsolomon kingdavid biblicaldocumentary history historicaldocumentary christian israelhistory ancientisrael megiddo telmegiddo armageddon biblicalmegiddo ironage ancientmegiddo israelfinkelstein thebibleunearthed searchingforsolomon

1 day ago

For now we finished our fieldwork in Spain but we will return later this year. Marta ( mdgu ) and Bettina ( symbolandstone ) have done a fantastic job documenting 60 stele using the laserscanner and photogrammetry. They also walked the streets where parts of Game of Thrones was filmed! 😁 The material will now be processed. It will later be available on our website! archaeology prehistory prehistoric bronzeage ironage iberia spain culturalheritage laserscanning photogrammetry stelae stele heritage got rockart petroglyphs

1 day ago

Another working shot - perhaps we should call this working shot weekend 🙂 Today teamOxArch is cleaning up and recording a late Iron Age defensive ditch uncovered in Woolwich, London. The team discovered that this massive ditch was utilised for at least 600 years! thatsalongtime ⛏ 👷‍♀️ 👷‍♂️ woolwich archaeology archaeologist archaeologicalsite archaeologylife archaeological commercialarchaeology ukarchaeology archaeologicalexcavation archaeologicaldig archeo archeologist archeologicalsite archaeologyiscool britisharchaeology fieldarchaeology history archaeologistatwork lifeofanarchaeologist fieldwork ironage historynerds amazingjob ancienthistory historic culturalheritage hardhatlife