6 hours ago
Shark species are increasingly becoming threatened 💣because of commercial and recreational fishing pressures, the impact of non-shark fisheries on the seabed and shark prey species, and other habitat alterations such as damage and loss from coastal development and marine pollution.🦈 Rising demands 📈for shark products has increased pressure on shark fisheries, but little monitoring or management occurs of most fisheries. Major declines📉 in shark stocks have been recorded over the past few decades; some species had declined over 90% and population declines of 70% were not unusual by 1998.🦈 In particular, harvesting sharks before they reproduce severely impacts future populations. Sharks generally reach sexual maturity only after many years and produce few offspring in comparison to other fish species.
Conservationists estimate that up to 100 million sharks are killed by commercial and recreational fishing every year. OMG 😡😬Sharks are often killed for shark fin soup, which some Asian countries regard as a status symbol. Fishermen capture live sharks, fin them, and dump the finless animal back into the water to die from suffocation or predators.OMG 😬🤢😡 Sharks are also killed for their flesh in Europe and elsewhere. The 2007 film "Sharkwater"🎥 documents ways in which sharks are being hunted to extinction. In 2009, the IUCN Shark Specialist Group reported on the conservation status of pelagic(open water) sharks and rays. They found that over half the pelagic sharks targeted by high-seas fisheries were threatened with extinction.🔖
In 2010, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) rejected proposals from the United States and Palau that would have required countries to strictly regulate trade in several species of hammerhead, oceanic whitetip and dogfish sharks. 📑📃The majority, but not the required two-thirds of voting delegates, approved the proposal. China, by far the world's largest shark consumer,💰💰💰 and Japan, which battles all attempts to extend the Convention's protections to marine species, led the opposition.
In 2013, CITES member nations overcame the continued opposition led by China and Japan,